What is a Dermatologist? Common Skin Conditions Treated By a Dermatologist - Jinz Haiggh Blog

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What is a Dermatologist? Common Skin Conditions Treated By a Dermatologist

Dermatologist: A dermatologist is a medical expert who diagnose and treats any type of disorders related to skin, scalp, hair and nails. A dermatologist specialises in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of various skin diseases like skin cancers, melanomas, moles and other tumors of the skin.

A skin doctor is trained to diagnose and treat mucous membranes. These are the membranes which are located in the mouth, nasal passages, throat, stomach, eyelids, intestine, anus and vulva.

In addition to treating skin conditions, a dermatologist also has a good knowledge about skin care products. They can also diagnose and give treatment for cosmetic issues such as hair loss, scars, and the skin changes associated with aging. For example, they can help patients to reduce the signs of wrinkles, age spots, or other problems which may show up with the aging skin.

They help their patients to regenerate the appearance of their skin, hair, and nails. They also help you to get rid of acne, acne scars, eczema, psoriasis, as well as skin cancers. They can provide treatment and will surgically remove skin cancer that can be life threatening.

Here are some common skin conditions treated by a dermatologist:

1.        Acne: Acne is a disease which is defined by red pimples on the skin, especially on the face. It refers not only the pimples on the face, but blackheads, cysts, and nodules (growth of abnormal tissue) as well. In medical science, this disease is also known as Acne Vulgaris. Some people get acne on other parts of their body too, such as the back, and chest.
a)        It is a common degenerative disorder affecting the hair follicle and oil (sebaceous) glands of the skin, in which there are enlargement and blockage of the follicle and inflammation.

2.        Eczema (dermatitis) Eczema is a disease that results in inflammation of the skin. This disorder is defined by itchiness, redness on the skin typically involving swelling with itchy rashes, cracked and rough skin. It is also known as Dermatitis. The most common type of eczema is known as atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema.
a)        Sometimes the itching will start before the rash appears on the face, back, knees, wrists, hands, or feet. This disease may also affect other areas of the body. The affected area of eczema usually looks like thickened or rough skin.  

3.        Skin Infections (bacterial, fungal and viral) Skin is the largest organ of the body and its primary function is to protect the body from infections, but sometimes the skin itself becomes infected. This disease is caused by a variety of germs. Most commonly there are four types of skin infections such as bacterial, fungal, viral and parasitic.

4.        Warts: Generally warts are small, rough and hard skin growth caused by a type of virus called the human papillomavirus (HPV). It infects the top layer of the skin, most commonly entering the body from an area of broken skin. This virus causes the top layer of the skin to grow quickly and forming a wart.

5.        Psoriasis: It is a chronic and autoimmune skin disease defined as the patches of abnormal skin. These skin patches are typically red in color, itchy and cracked skin. Psoriasis mostly occurs in the knees, elbows, and scalp. It can also affect the palms and soles of the feet. 

6.        Skin Cancer: It is a type of cancer developed from the skin which is caused by heat, sunburn, tanning, injury, infection, and solariums. Most skin cancers can be treated successfully if they are diagnosed early by the dermatologist. 

For the end of the discussion, a dermatologist can treat over 3,000 different skin disorders. There are many effective treatments for all these skin problems, but it is always good to consult a dermatologist and get treated as early as possible.
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